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Atmospheric circulation as a factor contributing to increasing drought severity in Central Europe

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres | Lhotka et al. [2020] Long‐lasting and severe droughts seriously threaten agriculture, ecosystems, and society. Summer 2018 in central Europe was characterized by unusually persistent heat and drought, causing substantial economic losses, and became a part of a several years long dry period observed across this region. This study assesses … Continue reading Atmospheric circulation as a factor contributing to increasing drought severity in Central Europe

The chemical composition of impact craters on Titan – I. Implications for exogenic processing

Astronomy & Astrophysics | Solomonidou al. [2020] We investigate the spectral behavior of nine Titan impact craters in order to constrain their composition. Past studies that have examined the chemical composition of impact craters on Titan have either used qualitative comparisons between craters or combined all craters into a single unit, rather than separating them … Continue reading The chemical composition of impact craters on Titan – I. Implications for exogenic processing

Increased future occurrences of the exceptional 2018–2019 central European drought under global warming

Scientific Reports | Hari al. [2020] Since the spring 2018, a large part of Europe has been in the midst of a record-setting drought. Using long-term observations, we demonstrate that the occurrence of the 2018–2019 (consecutive) summer drought is unprecedented in the last 250 years, and its combined impact on the growing season vegetation activities … Continue reading Increased future occurrences of the exceptional 2018–2019 central European drought under global warming

Representation of European hydroclimatic patterns with self-organizing maps

The Holocene | Markonis and Strnad [2020] Self-organizing maps provide a powerful, non-linear technique of dimensionality reduction that can be used to identify clusters with similar attributes. Here, they were constructed from a 1000-year-long gridded palaeoclimatic dataset, namely the Old World Drought Atlas, to detect regions of homogeneous hydroclimatic variability across the European continent. A … Continue reading Representation of European hydroclimatic patterns with self-organizing maps

Synthetic and Comparative Hydrology of Earth, MArs and TitAn (SCHEMATA)

Earth, Mars and Titan are the only known planetary bodies of our solar system that have or had at some point of their past, flowing liquids. In our planet, water has maintained an active cycle since the early stages of its formation. On the other hand, Mars lost its water cycle billion years ago, if … Continue reading Synthetic and Comparative Hydrology of Earth, MArs and TitAn (SCHEMATA)

eXtreme EuRopean drOughtS: Multimodel synthesis of past, present and future events

Recent European droughts are mostly evaluated within the context of hydroclimatic conditions of the second half of the 20th century. It is thus possible, that recent European drought events are less (or more) severe than previously thought. The XEROS project aims at (1) assessing the extremity of recent European drought events in the perspective of … Continue reading eXtreme EuRopean drOughtS: Multimodel synthesis of past, present and future events